Due process means that any person (organization, company, government agency, individual, etc.) with a direct and material interest has a right to participate by expressing a position and its basis, having that position considered, and having the right to appeal. Due process allows for equity and fair play.
AAMI standards are developed by consensus, in accordance with policies and procedures designed to ensure due process. AAMI shall abide by all applicable requirements for due process provided in the ANSI Essential Requirements: Due process requirements for American National Standards.2
Consensus means substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. This signifies the concurrence of more than a simple majority, but not necessarily unanimity. Consensus requires that all views and objections be considered, and that an effort be made toward their resolution. Consensus is achieved when individuals and organizations having a direct and material interest in a standard achieve substantial agreement according to the judgment of the AAMI Standards Board. Consensus does not require that all objections be withdrawn.
Establishing a consensus on a standard or TIRs entails the following:
"Substantial agreement" is defined as minimum approval of at least two-thirds of those voting (excluding abstentions), with at least two-thirds of eligible voters returning ballots (including abstentions). However, the voting record of each interest category also may be considered.
Participation shall be open to all persons who are directly and materially affected by the activity in question. There shall be no undue financial barriers to participation. Voting membership on the consensus body shall not be conditional upon membership in any organization, nor unreasonably restricted on the basis of technical qualifications or other such requirements.
The standards development process shall not be dominated by any single interest category, individual, or organization. Dominance means a position or exercise of dominant authority,
2Hererafter “ANSI Essential Requirements”.
leadership, or influence by reason of superior leverage, strength, or representation to the exclusion of fair and equitable consideration of other viewpoints.
The standards development process should have a balance of interests. Participants from diverse interest categories shall be sought with the objective of achieving balance. If a consensus body lacks balance, outreach to achieve balance shall be undertaken.
Good faith efforts shall be made to resolve potential conflicts between AAMI standards and existing standards promulgated by other standards developers.
Notification of the development of AAMI standards and TIRs shall be announced in suitable media as appropriate to afford an opportunity for participation by directly and materially affected persons.
Prompt consideration shall be given to the written views and objections of all participants, including those commenting during public review.
Evidence of consensus in accordance with these requirements and, where appropriate, the ANSI Essential Requirements, shall be documented.
These Policies and Procedures shall be available upon request to any interested party.